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Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives Collection Development Policy

Bobst Library, New York University
Head: Michael Nash
Sr. Archivist/Asst. Manager: Gail Malmgreen
Tamiment Librarian: Donna Davey
History Librarian: Andrew H. Lee
Tamiment Archivist: Peter Filardo

Purpose

The Tamiment Library is built on a core collection assembled between 1907 and 1956 at the Meyer London Library of the Rand School of Social Science, a workers' education institution with strong ties to the Socialist Party. Its purpose is to document and support research on the history of American radicalism and progressive social movements, and the American labor movement. While a plurality of users are from New York University, the majority are from outside New York, coming from across the country and around the world. The NYU History Department is the principal local constituency, though students and faculty from other programs and schools, especially the New School, CUNY, Columbia, and Cornell, make extensive use of the collection. The Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives documents New York labor and their organizations and is an important resource and repository for nearly 150 New York City labor organizations and with the acquisition of the records of the Communications Workers of America, national unions representing industries important in the structure of New York's economy.

Scope

  1. Language

    Material was collected in all the European languages representing both the internationalism of the left and the diverse background of the labor movement in the United States. The early literature of American radicalism and the ethnic labor movement are in Finnish, German, Greek, Italian, Russian, Yiddish, etc. Currently, almost all of the book and serial purchases are in English.

  2. Chronological Periods

    Books on American and European radicalism and labor history that reach back into the eighteenth century are included in the collection. Periodical and manuscript holdings begin in the latter part of the nineteenth century subsequent to the founding of the First International by Marx and Engels in 1864 and the organization of the Knights of St. Crispin by Newell Daniels in Milwaukee in 1867. Included are works on earlier periods with an emphasis on labor or an analysis based on class or historical/dialectical materialism. Works such as these would include Thompson's studies of ancient civilization, Beer's history of social thought, and the works of the group often called the "British Marxist Historians" such as Christopher Hill, E.P. Thompson, and Eric Hobsbawm. Also included are works of an earlier or even no particular historical period, especially utopian and anti utopian novels and theories, most notably the works of William Morris such as The Dream of John Ball and News from Nowhere.

  3. Geographical Areas

    Although the focus of the collection is the United States (with original manuscript holdings strongest on organizations and individuals based in New York City), many of the movements the collection seeks to document were explicitly international in both perspective and allegiance. The collection includes a considerable amount of material on the Soviet Union, on British, American, and Canadian support of the Spanish Republic during its Civil War, and the progress of radical movements throughout the world as seen by American radicals and labor figures. The activities of labor and radical movements in Great Britain are also covered, though at a lesser level. For the purpose of theoretical and comparative research, reference and primary source material on labor and radical movements in Canada and Western Europe is also collected as funds permit.

TYPES OF MATERIALS

The emphasis is on the acquisition of primary research materials of all kinds, and secondarily on those monographs that usefully facilitate research in the library's primary sources. We collect monographs, manuscripts, serials, proceedings, pamphlets, oral histories, photographs, film and video, posters, buttons, and other examples of material culture. No format is automatically rejected. However, we do not collect three dimensional objects.

  1. Book Collections

    Printed materials directly relating to the collection are purchased as aggressively as the budget permits. Changes in scholarly paradigms have necessitated the expansion of previously underdeveloped areas of the collection as well as expanding the range of users, especially outside of the more traditionally social science and history based collection (the D-H call numbers in LC). This involves working closely with the Fales Collection, especially given its large collection of radical and labor fiction. Also, several authors collected in Fales had close, though often ignored, connections to the left and labor, especially some of the Greenwich Village authors such as Floyd Dell. Materials not collected include industrial relations except at a very basic level (general histories, bibliographies, basic reference works), organizations or movements, liberalism, or fascistic views on labor or the economy such as those associated with Lyndon Larouche.

    The collection tries to be comprehensive in collecting the publications of radical publishers such as Charles H. Kerr (the longest running left-wing publisher in the United States), International (closely connected to the CPUSA), Pioneer, Merit, Monad, and Pathfinder (all imprints in succession of the SWP), Prometheus, Marzani & Munsell, Topical Books (all various imprints of Carl Marzani's), Vanguard, and Monthly Review.

  2. Serial Collections

    The periodical output of the American left is collected as comprehensively as possible. Journals of labor and radical history published in English are acquired, including the principal comparable journals of other English speaking countries. Journals that offer a left perspective on their disciplines, such as Radical Philosophy, are also acquired. Numerous U.S. trade union periodicals, including all those titles that were indexed in Work Related Abstracts (ceased publication, 1996), are also collected. Duplication between Bobst and Tamiment is kept to a minimum. The Tamiment kardex contains records for more that 5,000 serial titles. About 500 of these titles are currently received.

  3. Archival and Manuscript Collections

    Tamiment seeks individual and organizational collections that illuminate significant aspects of American radicalism and progressive social movements, or complement existing collections already held in Tamiment. Nationally, collecting is selective. For the New York City area, we seek comprehensive holdings, with an emphasis on radicalism and the labor movement, and on radicalism in the arts, professions, and other sectors important to the life of NYC, and/or in which NYC plays, or has played, a leading role in the U.S., or in the history of American radicalism.

    The Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives concentrates on preserving the historically significant records of labor organizations based in New York City. Within this category particular emphasis has been placed on unions representing municipal employees, the performing arts and the retail trades. See appended list of collection strengths.

  4. Vertical Files/Ephemera

    The vertical file is one of the largest such collections in the United States, with some quarter million items (pamphlets, leaflets, flyers and internal documents) contained in some ten thousand files representing various left and labor organizations, individuals, and topics. The collection is being catalogued at the file level, with the records for the bulk of the organization files which are now in Bobcat resulting in a substantial increase in usage. The vertical file is one of the collections' great strengths and resources need to be found to complete the work of cataloging (which includes the related activities of conservation, weeding and document identification, dating and reorganization), and to support the integration of the substantial (and growing) backlog of additional materials.

  5. Recordings

    There are forty-four oral history collections, containing 3,000+ interviews, most untranscribed, which have been donated to, or in some cases created by, the Tamiment Library/Wagner Archives. Notable are the Oral History of the American Left, an open collection of 700+ oral interviews with American left and labor activists, and New Yorkers at Work, 150 interviews that formed the basis for the 8-part radio documentary (and accompanying study guides) of the same name. There is also a Public Events collection, audiocassette (now videocassette) recordings of public programs, most held at Tamiment/Wagner, and a small collection of Produced Audiotapes. Most of the collections were donated by individual researchers or by trade unions, sometimes accompanying donations of personal papers or organizational records. Copyright restrictions generally prevent our acquiring material deposited elsewhere. The Library/Archives provides, for a fee, and for research purposes only, copies of audiocassettes to researchers for whom a visit to the Library is not practicable.

  6. Video and Film

    Funds from the Jacob Blaufarb endowment together with a one-time grant from the New York Council for the Arts have permitted the assembly of a collection of radical and labor video. Emphasis is on acquiring material that provides a visually significant depiction of historically important individuals or events in American labor or radical history. Independently produced films, and films of historic importance to labor and the left are emphasized. Purchases are made in video and CD format to facilitate viewing at the facilities of the Avery Fisher Center. Material is being purchased to add the Avery Fisher collection of independent videos gleaned from notices on the H- Labor listserv, and from notices in the radical and labor press. Most of this video is locally made films of strikes and historical events as viewed by labor and radical organizations. Some recent examples include footage made by the Staley strikers in Illinois of police tear gassing their pickets, hotel workers striking in Minneapolis, We Built America, and Noam Chomsky speeches.

    TWA also holds some 225,000 feet (80 hours) of archival film (access is provided via a shot- level database), and we continue to seek to expand our holdings.

  7. Other Non-Print Sources

    Tamiment and Wagner photographic collections contain over 225,000 images of individuals and events connected with labor and radical history, particularly that of New York City. Researchers seeking pictorial representations of important people and events form a significant component of the collections' users. There are a variety of graphic materials, including a poster and broadside collection of 2,000+ items (most in color), and some 3,500 buttons. Unpublished guides to these two collections are available. There are also cartoons, songbooks, recordings and scores, and items in various other media. In addition to pictorial resources, there are the Library also has many posters, buttons, and other realia documenting campaigns and causes popular with labor or the left.

Strengths and Weaknesses

We can and should continue to add to our existing strength: further documenting American socialism and communism from the 1920s to the 1950s. We will not, however, be adequately serving future scholars if we restrict our efforts to this definable but exhaustible subject.

American radicalism is no longer primarily identified with specific left political groupings. Much radical energy now manifests itself in single issue causes: abortion rights, AIDS activism, environmentalism, housing and homelessness activity, lesbian and gay rights, nuclear protests, peace, prison reform, toxic awareness activities and women's, ethnic, and minority movements. Many of these subject areas are only marginally represented in Tamiment's collections. Where possible Tamiment has tried to collect the publications of explicitly left elements in these movements and to document any connections between these causes and the American labor movement.

The periodical collection is extremely strong although it is not comprehensive and needs reorganization and a through cataloguing, including titles available only on microfilm sets. Currently the records often work at cross purposes and it is impossible to accurately and in a reasonable amount of time assess the holdings. Some titles are held in three or four locations, and some are included in microfilm sets, hard copy, and then separately purchased microfilm.

The book collection is very uneven because it has grown largely through gifts. Appropriate Bobst titles with no recent circulation should be evaluated for transfer to Tamiment. Collection development of book materials currently includes extensive retrospective acquisitions as well as a substantial attempt to ensure that every item is represented by a catalog record.

Many Tamiment pamphlets and serials require urgent preservation attention. The cataloging work done thus far on the vertical files has helped vis a vis the pamphlets. However, many serials still require preservation and or microfilming.

Related Collections in the United States

Only the Wisconsin Historical Society has more extensive overall holdings on labor and American radicalism than Tamiment. The Labadie Collection at Michigan has extensive holdings on anarchism. The Contemporary Culture Collection at Temple and the Underground Press Collection at University of Connecticut, Storrs, both supplement our holdings of materials on the 1960's. The Hoover Institution has a number of collections which complement ours, and their acquisition (through purchase) of the records of the SWP makes them an equally important archive for Trotskyism, along with Tamiment and the Trotsky Archive at Harvard. The Schomburg has significant holdings which closely relate to ours, especially International Labor Defense. The Peace Collection at Swarthmore and Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives at Brandeis also have important related collections. The Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe College has Mary Simkhovich's papers as well as materials from the Women's Trade Union League.

The Wagner Archives is one of some half a dozen labor theme repositories; the Walter Reuther Library at Wayne State, Wisconsin Historical Society, the Kheel Center for Labor- Management Documentation at Cornell, the Southern Labor History Archives, the Labor Archives and Research Center at San Francisco State, and the George Meany Archives of the AFL-CIO are among the most prominent. Cornell and Rutgers are the strongest area collections in labor relations. New York Public has unique holdings in the labor and radical history of New York City and the nation. Columbia has long had a strong commitment to oral history. Its tapes and transcripts include many important figures from labor and the left.

Appendices

  1. Tamiment Library - Books, Serials, and Pamphlets
  2. Tamiment Archival & Manuscript Collections
  3. Wagner Archival & Manuscript Collections
  4. Non-Print (pending)

Tamiment Library (Monographs, Serials, Pamphlets)

Subjects and Collecting Levels

Existing Level Desired
Utopian Movement B B
American Labor 1865-1900 C C
Knights of Labor
AFL
American Radicalism 1865-1900 C D
Christian Socialism
Socialist Labor Party
Henry George, Edward Bellamy
Anarchism
Socialism
American Labor 1900-1945
New York City D E
rest of the US B D
American Radicalism 1900-1945 D E
Anarchism
Socialist Party
CPUSA (and splinters)
Pacifism
Social Democratic Federation
Trotskyism
Associated Movements 1900-1945 B B
American Labor 1945-1980
New York City D E
rest of the U.S. C D
American Radicalism 1945-1980 C E
Anarchism
Socialist Party
CPUSA (and splinters)
Pacifism
Social Democratic Federation
Trotskyism
SDS
NAM/DSA
Associated Movements B C
Theoretical Works B D
Labor Movements outside the U.S.
Great Britain B D
Elsewhere B O
Radical Movements outside the U.S.
Great Britain B D
Elsewhere B A

Tamiment Archival and Manuscript Collections

The following description of the status of the Tamiment collections documentation of American radicalism and progressive social movements roughly follows the subdivision of our collections as described in the Tamiment/Wagner Information Bulletin (Bobst Bulletin #8). The archival & manuscripot documentation in the various collection areas (and sub-areas) are also evaluated on an ascending five point scale, from A - E (e.g. Existing/Desired, C/D). This evaluation is based on Tamiment collections only, and does not take into account published microform collections commercially acquired. A few collections are cited in more than one area.

1. Socialist Party and social democracy (D+/E)
The core of the Library's holdings, documenting at the highest level the activities, personalities, perspectives and institutional and cultural milieu of the Socialist Party in New York, particularly its "Old Guard" (who left to form the Social Democratic Federation 1936). Collections include: "Socialist Collections in the Tamiment Library 1872-1956" (68 reels) which contains: Socialist Party Papers, New York Local & State; Rand School of Social Science; Intercollegiate Socialist Society; American Labor Conference on International Affairs; Social Democratic Federation; and personal papers of August Claessens; George D. Herron; Algernon Lee; Lena Morrow Lewis; William Mailly and Rose Pastor Stokes. Other Socialist Collections include: George Caylor; *Eugene Debs; Solon De Leon; Democratic Socialists of America, includes Michael Harrington's correspondence (permission; unprocessed); William Fielding (restricted); Harry Fleischman (unprocessed); Mendel Halushka; Sergius Ingerman; Ben Josephson; Harry Laidler; League for Industrial Democracy; Meyer London; John Lyons; William Mailly; *New York Bureau of Legal Advice; *New York (State) Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities (Lusk Committee); James Oneal; Jacob Panken; Morris Paris; Peoples Educational Camp Society; Abraham Shiplacoff; Mrs. Philip Taft; Tamiment Institute; Tamiment Playhouse (permission); B. Charney Vladeck; Workingmens Co-operative Publishing Association; Art Young; Sam Zagat.
2. Communist (D/E)
Document the activity of various leading figures in the CPUSA; several related and popular front organizations; and government investigations and prosecutions. While strongest for the years 1930-1956, we have developed significant post-1956 holdings.

Collections include: American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born; Israel & Sadie Amter; Max Bedacht; Alexander Bittleman; *Peter Cacchione; Communist Party, internal documents; Counterattack research files; William Dunne; Edward Falkowski; *Elizabeth Gurley Flynn; Virginia Gardner; Hugo Gellert; David Gordon; Gil Green; International Workers Order; Jefferson School; Arnold Johnson; Labor Research Association; David Lesser; Noah London; National Council of American-Soviet Friendship; Andrew Overgaard; Progressive Librarians Council; Charlotte Stern; Faygle Stern; Robert Thompson (Arlington Cemetery Case); Abraham Unger).

3. Other Radicalism (C/D)
Document the activity of important figures in the Trotskyist and anarchist movements; the activities of "anti-anti-communists," (i.e. those ex-communists or non-communists retaining sympathy for the CPUSA); other individuals and organizations. Several collections document government surveillance of the left.
Anarchism (B/C)
collections include: John Beffel; Alexander Berkman; Helena Born; Emma Goldman; Max Nomad;
Anti-anti-communists (C/D)
collections include: Cedric Belfrage; Jay Leyda; Carl Marzani; Annette Rubenstein;
Trotskyism (C+/D)
collections include: American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky; George Breitman; Frank Lovell; John Poulos; Max Shachtman; Myra Tanner Weiss (SWP); Workers Party (U.S.)
4. New Left & Recent Radicalism (B/D)
collections include: Americans for Progressive Israel; Lee Baxandall; Berkshire Forum; Bureau of Public Secrets; Leslie Cagan; Congress of American Professors; Coalition for Peace and Justice; Revolutionary Communist Party; New Jewish Agenda;
5. Social Movements and Sectors (B/D)
The Arts
collections include: Jay Gorney; Hugo Gellert;
Community/Neighborhood
collections include: Greenwich House;
Environmental (A/C)
collections include: Murray Bookchin (Pledged),
Housing
collections include: Metropolitan Council on Housing;
Mass Media
collections include: PM FBI files;
Peace/Solidarity (C/D)
collections include: Mobilization for Survival; U.S.; Mobilization for Survival. New York Chapter; Russell War Crimes Tribunal; Student Peace Union; Ventana (Cultural Workers for Nicaragua);
Women (C/D)
collections include: National Abortion Rights Action League. New York Chapter; National Organization for Women, New York City Chapter; WHAM! (Womens Health Action Mobilization);

Wagner: New York City Labor Collections under Archival Care

The following generalizations can be drawn about the status of New York City labor documentation organized by Standard and Poor's classification:

1. Communications and Leisure Industries
Entertainment, Television/Radio, Motion Pictures
The Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives has made a good start in documenting labor relations in the entertainment industry. It serves as repository or has microfilmed minutes of the following organizations:
Actors' Equity, Associated Actors and Artistes of America, Screen Actors' Guild, American Guild of Musical Artists, American Guild of Variety Artists, Musicians Local 802, United Scenic Artists, International Photographers Local 644 IATSE, and the National Association of Broadcast Employees and Technicians Local 15.
Not under archival care are the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, most of the craft unions in IATSE including the national union itself, and other amusement and recreation worker organizations including those in the sports industry.
Printing, Publishing, and Telephone
The printing trades, including the oldest continuously functioning labor organization--the Typographers Union dating to 1852--are partially documented. International Typographical Union, Local 6, 1870-1917, records were deposited at the New York Public Library. The New York State Printing Trades minutes were microfilmed by the Harry Van Arsdale Project as were the ITU Mailers Local 6. Photoengravers Local 1-P were accessioned by the Wagner Labor Archives. Several other important printing trades collections were identified by the HVA Project but have not yet been accessioned. Nor have the papers of The Newspaper Guild Local 2, although its national union records have been deposited at the Walter Reuther Archives in Detroit.

The Wagner Labor Archives after working for several years with the Communications Workers of America to document the history of telecommunications industrial relations in the city, has recently become the national repository for that union's historical records. It is also the repository for CWA Local 1150 (AT&T Long-lines) and several other CWA locals. The records of American Communications Association were deposited at the Wisconsin Historical Society.

2. Construction and Engineering
Architects and Engineers
The Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives has accessioned the records of several collective bargaining agents for architects and engineers: Civil Service Technical Guild, Local 375 AFSCME; Local 66; ARMA Engineers. The records of the FAECT are fragmentary.
Building Construction
The HVA Project surveyed the vast records of the Amalgamated Houses and the United Housing Federation, two large scale workers housing efforts spearheaded by unions. Both collections are important and worthy of archival preservation but beyond the means and mission of the Archives to preserve.

The HVA Project provided for the microfilming of the Building Trades Employers Association which adjudicated jurisdictional disputes between building trades unions.

Heavy Construction
The WLA serves as repository for the minutes of Tunnel Workers Local 147. Most other Laborers unions remain unsurveyed. Ironworker locals were surveyed but remain unaccessioned.
Other Building Trades Unions
The Building and Construction Trades Council of Greater New York recently permitted the Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives to microfilm its minutes, 1936-84. International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 3, a major building trades union in the city historically and politically, also allowed the WLA to microfilm its minutes, 1901-1982; Local 3 and the Electrical Industry Joint Board established its own inhouse repository. While several dozen locals of carpenters and other trades participated in the labor records survey, few of them had complete records or wished to place them under archival care. The technology-eroded and politically-riven Painters Union was an exception. Several players in factional battles have deposited records at the WLA.
3. Finance, Insurance and Real Estate
This economic sector has been notoriously difficult for labor to organize. The WLA microfilmed the minutes of the Bookkeepers, Accountants and Stenographers and the OPEIU. Records of the United Office and Professional Workers of America are fragmentary--some were deposited at UC Berkeley.

The records of Labor's Bank, the Amalgamated Bank, reside at Cornell with those of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union which founded it in 1926.

4. Manufacturing
Food and Kindred Products
Bakery Workers Local 3 and its ethnic predecessors surveyed but as yet not accessioned.
Apparel, Leather and Leather Products
Virtually all of the needle trades unions' records (ILGWU, ACTWU, Leather) have been deposited at the Labor-Management Documentation Center at Cornell. The exception is the United Garment Workers, surveyed by the HVA project, which moved its headquarters from the city having retained few historical records. Its publication, The Garment Worker, can be found at the Wagner Labor Archives.
Fabricated Metal Products
The records of the national unions representing electronics manufacturing--UE, IUE have been deposited, respectively, at the University of Pittsburgh and Rutgers. Local records were surveyed but have not yet been accessioned. Minutes and scrapbooks of IUE Local 463 were filmed by the WLA as a representative small manufacturing local.
5. Retail and Wholesale Trade
The WLA houses the records of District 65 which organized scores of retail and wholesale establishments as well as RWDSU Local 1-S representing Macy employees. Under the HVA Project, minutes of UFCW Local 1245 and ACTWU Local 340 (men's clothing salesmen) were microfilmed. Other RWDSU and UFCW locals are untapped.
6. Services
Hotels and Lodging
The minutes of the Hotel Trades Council were microfilmed under the HVA project. Affiliates of the HTC, including Local 6 were surveyed but have not yet been accessioned.
Health Care
Cornell serves as the repository for District 1199. The New York State Nursing Association has actively sought out the records of nursing associations. The HVA Project surveyed SEIU Local 144, the AFSCME affiliate representing public hospitals including Local 420 and the Doctors' Council, and the Committee of Interns and Residents, but historical records remain unaccessioned.
Education
The WLA houses the records of the United Federation of Teachers and the Professional Staff Congress (including its predecessor, the Legislative Conference and affiliate, the United Federation of College Teachers.) The records of New York State United Teachers and the Teachers Union are at Cornell. Other education unions have not been accessioned.
7. Transportation and Utilities
Railroad, Local and Suburban Transportation
Most railway brotherhoods records can be found at Cornell. The WLA houses the records of the Transport Workers Union.
Taxi, Limousine and Bus Transportation
Documentation of taxi organizing can be found in WLA collections including the TWU, the Central Labor Council, and sound collection of SEIU Taxi Drivers Local 3036, as well as the Taxi Rank and File Collection. On bus transportation, see TWU at WLA; several Amalgamated Transit Union locals participated in the HVA survey, but no records have been accessioned--not even for the three-year long Greyhound strike which began in 1990.
Motor Freight and Warehousing
Several Teamster locals participated in the HVA survey; many remain to be surveyed and no records have been accessioned.
Water Transportation
The National Maritime Union donated its fragmentary collection to Rutgers. The records of the Seafarers International Union are reported to have been destroyed when the student ship in which they were housed capsized at the union's training facility in Piney Point, MD. Other port-related documentation is very scanty. The WLA has a small collection of ILA documents amassed by its west coast rival, the International Longshoremen and Warehousemen's Union, but the ILA and other maritime and port unions have been reticent.
Air Transportation
See TWU at WLA. The records of PATCO were recently acquired by the Southern Labor History Archives in Atlanta. The Walter Reuther Archives houses the pilots union, ALPA. The records of flight attendants are as fragmented as the "sororities" representing them. The WLA has a small collection documenting Stewardesses for Women's Rights and Star Hesse's papers re: IUFA, Pan American's flight attendant's union. Some Machinists locals participated in the survey. No records have been accessioned. WLA houses has some documentation of the Eastern Strike.
Electric, Gas and Sanitary Services
Con Edison Utility Workers Local 1-2 and TWU Local 101 representing Brooklyn Union Gas workers have been surveyed and not yet accessioned.
8. Philanthropy and Foundations
The subject of labor philanthropy is poorly documented. The New York Public Library houses the records of the American Fund (Garland) for Public Service, 1922-45, which among other things, supported the Westchester-based flagship of the worker education movement, Brookwood Labor College, the archives of which are at the Walter Reuther Library.

Other "philanthropic" organizations that attempted cross-class alliances included the Russell Sage Foundation, Catholic Worker Movement/Dorothy Day, Women's Trade Union League--the originals for which were recently donated to the WLA by the New York State Department of Labor; we also have the WTUL collection on microfilm.

9. Public Employees
The WLA houses a number of District Council 37, AFSCME affiliates including local unions representing librarians, architects and technical workers, social workers. It microfilmed DC 37 minutes, but the voluminous records of the Council, although surveyed, remain unaccessioned. The uniformed services are woefully documented except for the personal papers of Brenda Berkman and the First Women Firefighters of New York.
10. Central Bodies and Coalitions
Central Bodies
No Central Trades and Labor Union (AFL Council) records exist prior to 1933; minutes through the merger with the CIO were filmed by the HVA Project. A fire in the mid 1930s is reported to have destroyed New York State AFL records. New York Industrial Union Council records are spotty; those that survived can be found in the Saul Mills Papers (WLA) and culled from Mike Quill's TWU files. Minutes of the reconstituted CIO Council, 1949-55 and the merged council were filmed under the HVA Project. The WLA houses the records of the New York City Central Labor Council since the merger.
Labor Advocacy Organizations
American Labor Party (Rutgers), Vito Marcantonio Papers (NYPL)
The WLA houses a voluminous collection of the Jewish Labor Committee's records documenting U.S. labor's response to the Holocaust as well as post-war activities.
Italian American Labor Council.
NYCOSH, White Lung Association
Women Office Workers, Gay and Lesbian Labor Network.

Wagner Labor Archives -- (Documentation Level Codes: S = scant; M = medium; W = well)

Existing Desired
19th Century Labor S M
Early AFL (craft) S M
TUUL S M
CIO M W
World War II M W
Expulsions/McCarthy Period S M
Post-War Public Employees M W
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