Research Strategies in Classics: Section III: Primary Texts

So far we have focused on secondary sources. For primary texts (i.e. works by Aristotle) you search the philosopher as author and the individual work as title. You can combine an author and title search by using keywords and boolean logic, e.g. aw=Aristot* and tw=Politic*. This yields several hits listing various editions and translations, some with commentaries. For example, the Greek text with a parallel English translation in the set of volumes of the Loeb Classical Library located in the stacks on 8th floor and in the Study Collection on the mezzanine at call number PA3611.A1.

  • Politics is found in vol. 44;
  • the Greek text with scholia in Oxford Classical Texts (Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis) v. 15 (PA 3405.S8);
  • the Greek text with a parallel French translation and an apparatus criticus in the Collection des Universités de France: l'Association Guillaume Budé (Budés) v. 74 (PA 3641.B8).

You can also perform a search by line and section beginning at 1339a (Book 8) of Politics in the Perseus Digital Library ( You can choose either the Greek text or its English translation.

In English translation the works of Aristotle can also be searched and read as part of the Past Masters database.

Note: To describe and understand fully Aristotle's theories on music in tragedy, you may need to go beyond Politics and consult Aristotle's entire corpus, especially Poetics (for his discussions on tragedy); Metaphysics and On the Heavens (De caelo) on his theories on numbers (Pythagorean number theory); On the Soul (De anima) on harmonics and music theory; Ethics on ethical behavior and education, etc.

To search terms and concepts in the entire corpus simultaneously, use the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (Digital Studio, 2nd floor). This CD-ROM product covers the entire body of ancient Greek literary texts. Examples of search terms include:

Greek search terms

To capture declined, conjugated and derived forms of the terms use a truncation symbol, which in the TLG is an < or an >. Example:

would include both:



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